Archaeology论文模板 – Archeological Research Design

Introduction and background

The Museum of Qin Huang’s Buried Sculpture Legion is located about thirty-one kilometers from the capital city of Shanxi (Shensi) Province. It is to the east of Xian City.   The museum contains three underground Vaults of excavated worriers.  This is where the worrier’s life-size and figures of chariots were also found in this museum.  Qin Shi Huang constructed the great wall of China. Qin was a great emperor of China who was well respected by all the people in China.  The emperor united the Chinese people. It is believed that during his reign, there was harmony in the country of China. People lived in peace, and they embraced brotherhood during the reign of this emperor.  He founded the Qin dynasty after uniting the warring states some years ago.  Through setting out a campaign, he succeeded in annexing the six ducal states.  Thus, through setting out the dynasty he won himself the title and became the first emperor of Qin.  He devoted 36 years of his time to build the dynasty of China. He also conscripted seven hundred thousand laborers.  In the Xian capital that was the capital city of China, he built a magnificent tomb.  The inner and outer  walls of the tomb are lined with copper.   In the grave, there is a throne room and several seats for various officials.  There is also a treasury that is rich in precious metals such as gold, silver and bronze. The bank also contains several jewels. 

 The museum still attracts attention from different archeologists.  Various archeologists go to the mausoleum in order to excavate and get valuable information. The most important side that has attracted worldwide attention is the site containing the three vaults.  In 1974, when the local peasants were looking for water, they discovered vault 1. This happened when the well they were digging sunk.  The vault measures 210 meters in length. Its width measures about 60 meters. The height of the vaults ranges from 4.6 meters. This is where about six thousand figures are found.   The mausoleum is considered as one of the most attractive archeological sites in the world. This is because this museum has made a lot of discoveries.  Thus, it is regarded as the wonder of the world.  It attracts most guests from the world. A lot of ecological research has taken place in this museum.  It has all the scientific artifacts, the art and the excellent materials of nature. These materials are used in research. It is important to many students who do research. Voluminous research is found in this museum. The research is used as a reference for other researchers to take place. In the Buried Sculpture Museum, there are different ways of dressing. The museum is regarded as the most heritage museums in the world. It is recorded that Archeology started in China in the 20th century.  French and Japanese scholars carried out archeology during this time.   The Chinese from that time onwards the game up with systematic archeological research.  The study of Terracotta Warriors and Horses is a brilliant study. The study can be used to explain the archeological researches that have taken place in the Qin museum (Huang, 2007).

The essay will focus majorly on the on the Qin museum in the 19th century.  It focuses on the excavations that were done in the 19th century. The research essay will have different parts. The first part of the research is the research questions. Methodology follows the research questions. The methodology provides a part way for the results of the study. The results will be interpreted. The research will be analyzed, and finally the conclusion will be made.

Research Questions

The researchers will ask themselves the structure of the mausoleum. The questions will quite them on the structure, location and design of the mausoleum. The question will assist them to know the aspects of the underground and the walls of the building.  This is because the structure gives the important features of the mausoleum.  Understanding the structure of the underground will help the archeologists when excavating the artifacts.  The question will assist the archeologists hit the target of the research. Excavation will be carried out within a short period. The structure of the mausoleum assists in locating the artifacts that make the excavation natural.

Another question that the archeologist would ask themselves concerns the dynasty of Qin in the Mausoleum. The importance of this issue is that it helps the archeologists to analyze the dynasty of the Qin. The importance of the dynasty will also be known for asking such a question. The Terracotta Warriors are analyzed well by use of such questions. The meaning and purpose of different artifacts will be asked and analyzed from these questions. Asking these questions is very crucial in carrying out the research. When archeologists ask themselves these questions, they will be in a position to hit the target of their research. Archeological research is made easy when archeologists ask themselves these questions. Research questions are very critical as they help the researchers achieve the objectives of the research (Liu,2011).

Methodology

Mausoleum requires different methods. Various methods get the information and achieve  the target and objectives of the research. Archeologists, unlike other researchers, will have various methods of getting data from the field. The methods generally used by other researchers includes questionnaires and surveys. The data can be obtained from the respondents through supplying them with questionnaires either structured or unstructured questionnaires. The researcher also at some point in time can use both structured and unstructured questionnaire. But when it comes to the archeologist, there data concerns analyzing artifacts. So their first procedure is to excavate these artifacts.  The archeologists will look for different references to compare with.  The references will give necessary steps on how the excavation, analysis and results of the previous researches were done. This will assist the researcher to note the mistakes that were made by those previous researchers. In this case, therefore, they will evade from making such mistakes.  During the excavation of the artifacts, not- destructive methods were applied. The importance of using non-destructive ways to preserve the environment.  Underground excavation may destroy important organisms in the ground. It is important to preserve these organisms in order to maintain ecosystem balance.

The main and recommended methods used by archeologists are Hydrogeology and tomography. These are used to locate underground palace.  In the palace also there is a lot of mercury underground. The methods were used to determine the amount of mercury underground. It is reported that Qin built the palace using many precious metals.    Because non-destructive methods are used, remnants of building are also excavated and analyzed (Wu,2012).

After excavating the Terracotta Warriors, the analysis was done.  The horse’s remains of the horses were also done. The relationship between the warriors and the horses were analyzed. After the getting the link between the horses, it was noted that the Warriors were using horses to go to war.   Some artifacts were found from the farms.  The farmers were then supplied with a questionnaire (both structured and unstructured questionnaires). The farmers answered the questions and reported the discovery of vault 1.  Farmers through the answering questionnaire reported that the wells were dug in the 19th century. They said that in the process of digging the wells, the artifacts were discovered. This paved way for further research to be done after that. The questionnaire was also supplied to the attendance of the mausoleum.  The attendance reported that the structure of the mausoleum is crucial, and it contains different designs of the museum. After answering the questionnaire, it was found that the museum contained a lot of precious metals that were deposited along time ago.

Results

The data collected were analyzed and presented by the use of the tables and graphs. The excavation revealed that the warriors used the horses. It was very important for the excavators to get these artifacts. After getting the artifacts, they were tested in the laboratory. The target of the tasting was to get the age when these artifacts were deposited. This could reveal the time when Qin established the first dynasty in China.  The excavation also revealed the structure of the mausoleum. It was very important for the excavators to dig so as to get the design of the structure. It was revealed that the mausoleum contains a lot of deposits. Some of them were very prominent in the field of archeology while others were not important.

The research also revealed that the grave where Qin was buried is found in the museum. All the important works that he did are recorded in the historical books.  The method of tomography revealed that the grave ranges from five hundred meters to fifteen hundred meters.  There were some differences between methods in that Hydrogeology revealed that the grave should have been deposited between forty to fifty meters underground.  It was also revealed that the underground palace is deposited where the spring water system is found.

Interpretations and significance

The results from the artifacts showed the deposits of the chariots are found underground. The warrior’s remnants are also found here. This reveals that the warriors used the horses. Because they were found near each other, it revealed that they have significant characteristics. The relationship between these creatures is crucial in that it revealed when the warriors used the chariots. The artifacts concerning Qin also revealed his importance during his reign as a king. Being a king also had very many privileges. This gives a reason the king deposited a lot of precious metals in his grave. The deposits of metals in the museum also reveal that the king was rich.

The research is crucial  in that it gives important archeological information. The information is consumed by many people all over the world.  It is crucial to the students and the generation to come.

Conclusion

 The research is crucial in that it digs deeper in the Qin Museum. The museum contains deposits of Warriors and their chariots. This gives their relationship and how the warriors used the horses. The presence of precious metals and mercury in the museum revealed that Qin and his officials were very rich. The methods used in research were non-destructive, and the issues of environment were taken into consideration. Archeological information from the museum was not only important in the field of archeology but also essential in all the fields. The information is used to extract historical information and also used for development improvement.

References

Cotterell, A. (2001). The first emperor of China: The greatest archeological find of our time. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.

Huang, Z. (2007). Qin shi huang Ying Zheng zhuan. Changchun shi: Jilin ren min chu ban she.

LIAO, L., PAN, C., & MA, Y. (2010). Manufacturing techniques of armor strips excavated from Emperor Qin Shi Huang’s mausoleum, China. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China. doi:10.1016/S1003-6326(09)60152-7

Liu, C. Y., Pagán, V., & Liu, N. H. (2011). The Terra Cotta Army of Qin Shi Huang.World Neurosurgery. doi:10.1016/j.wneu.2011.02.028

Moratto, M. J. (2001). An archeological research design for Yosemite National Park. Tucson, AZ: Western Archeological and Conservation Center, National Park Service.

Pancella, P. (2004). Qin Shi Huangdi: First emperor of China. Chicago, IL: Heinemann Library.

Samara, T. (2008). Design evolution: Theory into practice : a handbook of basic design principles applied in contemporary design. Beverly, MA: Rockport Publishers.

Wu, J. (2012). A Historiographical Examination of Qin Shi Huang.

Wu, X., Lu, Z., & Qin shi huang bing ma yong bo wu guan. (2000). Valiant imperial warriors 2200 years ago: Terra-cotta armoured warriors and horses of Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum. Xian, China: Xian World Publicating Corp.

Zhongyi, Y., & Qin shi huang bing ma yong bo wu guan. (2003). Terra-cotta warriors and horses at the tomb of Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of China. Beijing, China: Cultural Relics Pub. House.

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