Art论文模板 – Film Roman Holiday

Introduction
Roman Holiday is a comedy and romantic movie, that involves a reporter who starts a romantic relationship with Ann. This is a very influential film, which impresses the audience on the expressive dialogues and funny plots. In the movie Roman holiday, the author has used both cognitive and feminist theory. For example, Cognitive theory is used in the movie where the two main characters ride in a scooter across the streets. In this case, the filmmaker uses it to show that the human behavior enjoys having freedom, and not following rules. The movie supports the social science that is used in the trends, which makes it impossible for the viewers to question the social values of the movie. The film uses cognitive theory to show that liberty is the freedom when one does anything without injuring anybody else.
On the other hand, feminist theory is used in the movie when to define Ann as an icon of class, beauty, grace, and fashion. She is a symbol of femininity, with the filmmaker making her relatable to the average woman. Ann is the envy of most girls, who aspire to be like her. She was a shy girl, made of a slim and small body. The feminist theory is used to show how Ann defied the expectations of the society, dropping her responsibilities as a princess and being a strong woman. Her ability to run away from home made her find happiness, by finding Joe, who was the love of her life. She developed a romantic relationship with Joe, where she shared her dreams of living a normal life with him. This essay will discuss how cognitive theory has been used in the movie Roman Holiday. The essay will also discuss how the filmmakers employed the feminist theory in the movie to show the role of woman in the society. The essay will start by defining both the cognitive and feminist theory.

Cognitive theory
Cognitive theory can be defined as a psychology approach that tries to explain how human beings behave, which is done by understanding their thinking process. The assumption in this theory is that thoughts in human being are the main determinants of behavior and emotions. Processing information is used to describe the mental process of human beings, which compares their mind to the working of a computer. In pure cognitive theory, behaviorism is rejected on the basis that it reduces the complex behavior of a human being to simple effect and cause. However, the main trend of the theory has been towards combining the cause and effects into forming a comprehensive behavioral and cognitive theory. Social cognitive theory is used to study how other people behavior.
Cognitive theory has been used in the movie Roman Holiday. Since this is a romantic movie, the author uses it to show how the human mind works, when it comes to romance and money. In this movie, there are several delightful scenes, which involve Audrey Hepburn and Gregory Peck riding using an old scooter (Studlar, 2013). The two characters move through Rome. Their joy in the film cannot be hidden. In this film, there are familiar images that have been diffused and reproduced, which makes them feel like contemporary icons. However, it is good to note that if the movie were produced today, the two characters would be required to wear a helmet, failure to which they could be arrested by the police. In this case, the characters would not enjoy the scooter rides since they would consider them boring. The audience would also consider the riding of the scooters with helmets on as a boring scene (Müller, 2004).
The cognitive theory is used in this case to show that the human behavior enjoys having freedom, and not following rules. For example, in this scene, the two characters were enjoying riding freely in the streets without their helmets, where they seemed to enjoy the freedom of doing what they liked (Palmer, 2010). In this case, what has happened is a socially accepted change, that trend towards the increased regulation of human life. The movie supports the social science that is used in the trends, which makes it impossible for the viewers to question the social values of the movie. The film uses cognitive theory to show that liberty is the freedom when one does anything without injuring anybody else. Hence, it is possible for a character to exercise their natural rights, just as demonstrated by the two characters riding a scooter in town(Picci, 2011). These natural rights do not have limits, apart from when assuring the society of enjoying the same rights.
In this film, Ann is the main character. She led a good life that many young girls would envy to live. She was young and beautiful. However, rather than appreciating her life, she was tired of it, which she considered as boring(Reid, 2006). Her life was bound by schedules and protocols, which made her dream of exploring and experiencing what it felt like to live in the real world. She dreamt of trying living a simple and normal life, where she would not have constraints and obligations of royalty(Reid, 2012). One instance that the film shows that Ann was completely bored by the life she was leading is when she broke down when going over her schedule to tour Rome, where she was supposed to make speeches and public appearances. Cognitive theory in this case is used to study why Ann was behaving the way she was behaving, considering that she was leading life that many people of her age dream to live(Rothman, 2012).
Cognitive theory is also used to study the decisions that Ann made after being bored by the boring life she had when she lived in the palace. Since she was bored by the life she was living, she decided to become rebellious, which made her run away to taste freedom. Ann used a trunk to escape and study the city (Tatham, 2000). The behavior she develops after the runway is always to hide, which made her avoid places where people who knew her. This behavior helped in developing her social life. She was able to meet Joe Bradley, who was a reporter in one of the American newspapers. She did not know that Joe was a reporter, just as Joe did not know that she was a princess (Sundbo & Darmer, 2008). The attraction they had to each other made them hide their identities. There are chances that Ann feared to disclose herself as the princess since she would scare Joe away. On the other hand, Joe was afraid to reveal his identity as a reporter, which can be argued that he did not enjoy being in that profession. He also thought that disclosing his identity to her would make her hate him(Small, 2009). The cognitive theory is used to study how human beings behave when they are with people they are attracted to emotionally. In this case, cognitive theory is used to show how the two parties wanted to please each other, which made them hide their identities to impress the other party.
Another instance where cognitive theory is used in the film is where Joe and Anna develop a relationship. The relationship makes Anna share her dreams with Joe of living a normal life, where she would not have as many responsibilities as she currently had (Miller, 2013). Their relationship turns out to a romantic one, but it was not bound to happen, which made her end the relationship with Joe. However, Ann was supposed to appear at a press conference the following day, where she found Joe among the press. It was during the press conference that Joe gave him a coded message that she could trust him to keep her secret safe. Ann reciprocated the coded message, where she codes a message of gratitude and love to Joe (Shaw & Youngblood, 2010). Ann left Joe to contemplate on what might have been. In this case, cognitive theory is used to study how romance makes people behave differently. Romance can be defined as a pleasurable feeling of mystery and excitement, which is usually associated with love. Romantic love relationships usually imply romance as a way of expressing one’s love or deep emotional desires that a person have to relate to another person. Romance in the film played a great role, where it made Ann want to leave her normal life to be with Joe. Cognitive theory has been used in this case to show that Ann had feelings too, which made her make decisions that would define her loyal life (Mitchell & Reid-Walsh, 2008).
Another instance where the movie uses Cognitive theory is when the director shows that it was not easy for the characters to find directions in the movie. Looking for Bradley’s apartment was not an easy task (Vmr, & Shumaker, 2009). The human mind could not locate the site, as it was full of gates and tiny art galleries, which hid the residence. There are high chances that the movie uses cognitive theory to show that human beings are attracted to art, which made it hard for them to find the residence. Many people tried to find the small apartment. However, their attempts are not successful.
Feminist Theory
Feminist theory can be described as a sociology theory that analyzes the status and position of women in the society. Feminist theory aims at using the acquired information to better the lives of women in the society. The theory also questions the differences that women have, which include ethnicity, sexuality, class, nationality, and race, and how they intersect with gender. The theory focuses on giving voice to women, where it also highlights how women have contributed to the society. Feminist theory is used to examine gender equality, where it examines the social roles of women, interests, and experience. Some of the themes explored in feminism include objectification, patriarchy, discrimination, and oppression. The idea of feminism is to increase equality between men and women. Feminism also focuses on expanding the human choice, which means that women and men should learn how to develop human traits. The theory also focuses on promoting sexual freedom by ending sexual violence.
The biggest messages that women want to get from the society and media is that women are stereotypical things. Women like shoes, purses, chocolate, and their boyfriends. However, dynamic, changing, and multi-dimensional women are not common in the society, because the society expects women to behave in particular ways (Gale, 2000). After the release of the movie, Ann, whose real name is Audrey Hepburn, became a fashion icon. Most women in the world started wearing their hair and dressing like the one she used in the movie. She had a great body and a brunette hair, which defined how women should look like.
Feminist theory has been used in the movie Roman Holiday. The theory has been used to show the social influence that women have in America. The romantic comedy has featured some of the women activities in the US, which shows the influence that women have on social affairs. Women in the movie are no longer seen as attachment to men or decoration. Women in the movie were not searching for family and love, but more capability and responsibilities. For instance, Ann was the princess, which made her have many responsibilities for her nation (Haase, 2008). Ann later recognized her ability, which made her realize that she could fulfill her expectations and handle her responsibilities. This played a great part in convicting her to go back to the palace at the final scene of the movie (Fine, 2001).
The movie is set in an urban setting, with a general plot that involves both genders. The movie shows that women can fight for their rights as women, which is showed when Ann runs away from home to gain and feel the freedom she always longed for (Hess, 2005). Ann was brought up in a closed setting, where there were boundaries that defined how she behaved. She was the princess; thus she was expected by the society to carry herself just as a princess should. The movie shows that the position of a woman in the community was defined, where they were expected to behave according to certain measures, without considering how they felt. The feminist theory in the movie shows that women can fight for their rights (Hanson, 2001). In this case, Ann always felt trapped by the expectations of the society and the responsibilities she had as a princess. However, she decided enough was enough, where she escaped using the back of a truck.
The myth of the story is about a love story between two people who were hiding their real identity. The outline of the story includes the traditional outline, where boy meets girl, loses the girl and regains the girl (Kim, 2008). This is the usual love line in most romantic films. In this case, the filmmaker has combined the popular elements of a rich and high culture meeting a lower culture, which works to the satisfaction of the audience. The filmmaker used the sexual senses in the movie to satisfy the law cultural audience (Hopp & Duncan, 2003).
The movie uses feminist theory to define Ann as an icon of class, beauty, grace, and fashion. She is a symbol of femininity, with the filmmaker making her relatable to the average woman. Ann is the envy of most girls, who aspire to be like her (Ebert, 2006). She was a shy girl, made of a slim and small body. These qualities were difficult to find in Hollywood. She was very different from Sophia Loren and Marilyn Monroe. Although Marylyn was the overtly sexual woman, she did not match Ann’s beauty, whose screen persona made her the real woman with desires and personalities that most women would relate to (Kramer, 2005).
Roman holiday showed the potential of life in women, with Ann being the involved character. However, her father was used as the cage to contain the potential that women had in life. Ann played the role of a despondent child that was so much in love with Joe, who turns out to be a reporter of an American newspaper (Abrams, 2008). However, despite knowing this, Ann kept being in love with him, a move that he uses to value her life. Her father acts like a father who is desperate to save her daughter, where he tries to keep her safe from men who wanted to manipulate her for selfish gains. The theory of feminist was used to show that no matter how strong women seemed to be, they needed a manly figure in their life who would guide them through the handles of life (Ceplair & Englund, 2003).
Ann looked like the kind of woman who did not have much power. She had to depend on her mother, had much power. She had the ability to escape and learn a new life. However, she was under the power and control of more powerful men around her (Levine, 2013). The feminist theory in this is used to show that no matter how powerful a woman is, she must be under the control of a more powerful man. This was the expectations and setting of the society.
The feminist theory is also used to describe women in the movie. In the normal expectations of the society, women are supposed to be beautiful, with slim and lovely bodies. This is exactly how Ann is described in the movie. She is a spoilt yet an adorable woman that is sheltered as a European princess (Moseley, 2002). Being a young woman, she needed to enjoy the pleasures of life, for instance, attending dances, having a gelato, and getting a haircut. Ann has the best combination of insouciance, innocence, and beauty. She also seemed like a petulant kid, who was also sweet and lovable (Lipschutz, 2010). At the end of the movie, the setting makes Ann realize how important she was like a princess. The feminist theory is also used to show that women can be strong characters too. A good example is when Ann stands up in a scene to her scolding minders, which shows a deeper and stronger character than the audience could have imagined in her early scenes (May, 2002).

Conclusion
This essay has discussed how the movie Roman Holiday has used cognitive and feminist theory. For example, since Roman Holiday is a romantic movie, the author uses it to show how the human mind works. Cognitive theory is used in the movie where the two main characters ride in a scooter across the streets. In this case, the filmmaker uses it to show that the human behavior enjoys having freedom, and not following rules. The movie supports the social science that is used in the trends, which makes it impossible for the viewers to question the social values of the movie. The film uses cognitive theory to show that liberty is the freedom when one does anything without injuring anybody else.
However, there is a major difference between how cognitive and feminist theory are used in the movie. Where the movie uses cognitive theory to show how the characters in the movie behave, feminist theory is used to define women. The theory is also used to show the capability of women in the movie. The movie uses feminist theory to define Ann as an icon of class, beauty, grace, and fashion. She is a symbol of femininity, with the filmmaker making her relatable to the average woman. Ann is the envy of most girls, who aspire to be like her. She was a shy girl, made of a slim and small body. The feminist theory is used to show how Ann defied the expectations of the society, dropping her responsibilities as a princess and being a strong woman. Her ability to run away from home made her find happiness, by finding Joe, who was the love of her life. She developed a romantic relationship with Joe, where she shared her dreams of living a normal life with him.

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