Business论文模板 – Addressing Poverty through a Global NGO

Introduction

Poverty is one of the global challenges that human beings have been struggling with from time immemorial. Although numerous strategies have been devised and implemented with the intent of tackling poverty, none of these strategies has managed to address this issue fully. Numerous organizations, both governmental and non-governmental, have been established to address global poverty. There are quite a number of factors attributed to global poverty. Some of these include human activities, economic factors as well as climatic factors.  Governmental factors have also been attributed to poverty. In order to address poverty, it is important to understand the factors that may have resulted in that poverty in a particular region. It will be baseless, to tackle poverty from an economic point of view if the major causes are socially based or climatic. This essay looks at how Mercy Corps and KeBal Healthy Food Carts is addressing poverty in the Middle East.

Addressing Poverty through a Global NGO

Mercy Corps is one of the globally recognized nongovernmental organizations developed with an aim of alleviating suffering, global poverty, as well as oppression through helping people to establish secure, productive and just communities. The organization has offices in more than 40 countries. The organization relies on grants from foreign governments, as well as from the U.S government to fund its operations. The organization has recognized the need for creative thinking and the importance of social entrepreneurship to guarantee success to its operations.

What problem is being targeted?

In its mission to tackle global poverty, the organization has targeted its operations towards solving issues related to malnutrition among children below the age of five years in the Middle East. Malnutrition is one of the pernicious problems that have affected Jakarta for years. Carlisle et al. (2010) noted that over 8 million children suffer from the effects of malnutrition. The country is ranked fifth in accordance with the number of children below five years of age who present with signs of malnutrition. Some of the major factors attributed to the increased number of children suffering from malnutrition include poor feeding practices and poverty, in addition to the general decline in breastfeeding. The lives of more than 30,000 children could be saved if poverty is adequately tackled in Indonesia and mothers are taught to embrace best feeding practices (Carlisle et al., 2010).

Is there a failure in the market?

Market forces may also have contributed to the increased rate of malnutrition among children in the region. For instance, only a small proportion of women are believed to breastfeed their babies in the region exclusively. This is largely contributed by lack of education and misguided market forces. Formula milk companies have been misguiding women in reference to their products. This has resulted in many Indonesian women believing that formula milk is a sign of status in society. Mothers purchase food substances from the food cart vendors. Even though these foods are cheap, they are not healthy and may predispose children to the risk of food-borne diseases (Carlisle et al., 2010).

Is there any other way to address this problem?

Mercy Corps have established a pilot food cart program with a menu that will tackle malnutrition among children under five. The principal objectives of this program are to offer high quality and nutritious food to children while increasing community awareness on nutritional issues. The program aims to create employment for local people in the region. The program also intends to establish a profitable and self-sustaining business model that will support mercy corps to operate as an independent entity (Carlisle et al. 2010). Although there are numerous ways to address the issue, the strategy taken by mercy corps is beneficial since it targets the entire children populace in the region. One of the ways that can be adopted is to teach women how to provide children with healthy food together with selling ingredients to them at a cheaper price. Mercy Corps could also directly sell food to parents instead of hiring other people. However, these tasks would be costly and may fail to achieve the intended outcome.

In the three or two-tier franchise suggested, can you identify where the risk is?

Although the three-tier franchise model has the possibility to jump-start the business and transform it into a sustainable independent entity, there are some disadvantages associated with this model. The first challenge involves setting rates and fees for the vendors. The fees and rates need to be high enough to keep the headquarters, as well as the cooking business running. However, high fees could be a major discouragement to potential vendors. Owners of cooking centers can also react negatively to the introduction of franchise fees. Three-tier advocates that the Headquarter will be directly involved in quality control. As a result, cooking centers would have to pay for quality control services.  This would force owners to quit KeBal in order to escape from the fees (Carlisle et al. 2010).

In two-tier, business would be owned by the headquarters. Even though it would be easier to manage the business under two-tier, the Headquarter would need more capital to starts the business. Growth of the business would be slower than expected.

Did Mercy Corps understand the problem properly?

An evaluation of the case reveals that mercy corps clearly understands the problem facing the children this region. The organization has devised workable tactics to ensure that children are provided with nutritious food in addition to ensuring that a large number of people are provided with business opportunities. The organization has also provided training programs to women to ensure that they are made aware of the importance of best feeding practices. The initiators of this program have made it clear that many children would go back to eating potentially harmful and unsafe food if the program were to collapse.

Can social enterprise alleviate poverty caused by globalization?

Poverty caused by globalization can be alleviated through social enterprise. Some aspects of globalization negatively affect social and economic systems thereby leading to poverty. Every human being is a potential entrepreneur and if that capacity was to be utilized the issue of poverty would be addressed fully. The most important step in tackling poverty is to create employment and income opportunities for the poor people in society. People should be empowered to start their jobs rather than rely on wage employment that has proved non-beneficial in tackling poverty (Ganguly 2011).

From this case, can you identify some pros and cons from globalization?

Some of the major benefits of globalization as depicted in the case include the fact that it has enabled the international community to understand and devised ways of dealing with the challenges and needs of other people. The other benefit is that it helps organizations to understand that there is a global market and that customers can access products and benefits from economic ideas developed elsewhere. Through globalization, people have become more open and tolerant to the challenges affecting international communities. However, there are some disadvantages associated with globalization. One of them is that it may lead to loss of cultural identity, and people may be forced to embrace foreign ideologies (Ganguly 2011).

Conclusion

Poverty can be addressed through global nongovernmental organization as well as through social enterprise. The most important step in tackling poverty is to create employment, as well as income opportunities for the poor people in society. People should be empowered to start their jobs rather than rely on wage employment that has proved non-beneficial in tackling poverty.

Bibliography

Ganguly, P 2011, Pros and Cons of Globalization, accessed March 22, 2015 <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/pros-and-cons-of-globalization.html>

Carlisle, E et al. 2010, Mercy Corps and KeBal Healthy Food Carts: Sustaining and Scaling Up, accessed March 22, 2015 <https://mitsloan.mit.edu/LearningEdge/CaseDocs/10-106%20mercy%20corps%20and%20kebal%20lehrich.pdf>

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