Environmental Study论文模板 – Consider the management plan for Carlingford Lough on the island of Ireland


Louth country Council is in partnership with the Heritage Council through the Irish Walled Town Network has set up a plan for conservation and management plan for the monument and site. This plan is to be done systematically in help with the best practice, that is necessary for the overall framework for a conservation and management plan. In this article Pig, slurry waste is considered and its management is being concerned. 

Pig slurry is the waste material delivered by the pigs, which sometimes used as the fertilizers (Pampuro, Preti and Cavallo, 2018). But a gigantic number of this slurry can hamper nature also. Ireland currently consists of 1.8 million peoples who are suffering from the waste disposal problem of the pig slurry (Friends of the Earth, 2019). Pig slurry consists of a high amount of phosphate than the other waste of animals. This thing is hazardous for humans, plants and animals. A short film was also made over the firming of pigs by the farmers. By the year 2020, according to the reports, the production of the pigs increases to 53000. According to the reports, 150000 pigs would be yield. So many applications are also held regarding this purpose. But the main problem is that more pig produces more slurry. In the current days, the whole Irish peoples are suffering from a big problem regarding the discharge of the pig slurry in the Carlingford sea lough.

Issues Faced Due to The Disposal of the Waste Materials:

Core issues due to Extreme consumption and supply of water include global water shortage estimated to be around 40% by the year 2030 as a result of global warming and the growth of population. Almost 5 billion people can be affected by these water shortages by the end of 2050 as want by United Nations (European Commission, 2019). Reusing water can be helpful in order to avoid and mitigate the issue of water shortage. 

Pig Slurry is considered as the biggest pollution threats on a pig farm, it can be used as a fertilizer that will help in enhancing firms’ profitability. The first thing to be considered before starting any piggery is how the slur will be removed. On a small farm where the pigs are allowed to roam outside, the manure should be removed regularly to prevent a build-up of diseases and pollution. The manure can be removed mechanically, with a spade.

Mechanical removal is more difficult with intensive systems where pigs are produced in houses. Most of the modern houses are therefore designed to be slightly slanted allowing slurry to run-off into a storage pit or dam. It is to be noted that mechanical removal is considered as the waste removal system of the house where pigs stay. Most of the houses in that area are designed in such a way that removes the slightly silently allowed slurry. It’s important to design the waste management system for the most benefit and cost control way. The disposal and waste management program needs to be designed in that way.

Solid waste disposal problem is a significant issue for the authority of the whole country Ireland. Nowadays, Ireland also suffers from the problem related to the ammonia and nitrogen level. This causes various diseases and also blocks the flow of the waterways, bays plants, trees and animals according to the Northern Ireland environment agency 98% of unique places suffer from this hampering situation. According to Sir James or Ireland have no real plans to deal with this waste problem of the pig slurry. Due to this, immediate actions would be needed by ht authorities of Ireland. This hampering condition is mainly occurred due to the low budget of the municipality and an increased number of disposable wastes (Agriland., 2019).

Except for the costing of the disposal of the waste materials, the entire operation of this disposal is also critical. Very few reports and case studies are available regarding this problem. The objectives of this study are mainly to save the sea Carlingford from this discharge issue. Various factors are influencing this problem like increasing population, high margin of economy and demand for the products. According to the farms not factories, 30% of the antibiotics are provided to these pigs which are used in the UK (Woods, 2019). Half of these drugs are giving off by these pigs which cause a huge pollution level for humankind. Various teams of Ireland organised many programmes to spread the potential of pollution among the people of Ireland.  The increasing number of pig farms are not suitable for the whole environment of the Irish peoples.

Perilous Management of Waste:

Vulnerable kinds of wastes are formed by the huge yielding of pigs in Ireland. Due to this reason, the waterways of Ireland polluted very much. Irish authorities are facing enormous problems due to the disposal of the pig slurries. Due to the nitrate leaching, the water bodies are facing hazardous condition for the disposal (Irish examiner, 2019).  According to the British parliament, Irish waterways are polluted with 73% of phosphorus due to the increase in the number of pigs’ slurry day by day (O’Flynn et al., 2018). Fifty thousand peoples are involved in this process. Thirty-two million pigs produce Eighty-four million gallons of waste. Except that in winter, the pigs are produced 11 gallons of phosphorous (Farmers journal., 2019). Due to this Carlingford sea lough is facing a critical problem. There are no national restrictions regarding farming, which is such a disappointing site.

The Irish government has just only 33% of slurry storage capacity. Ten thousand gallons are discharged in the sea. Due to this context high environmental pollution is raised. According to the reports, Ireland has many numbers of phosphorous than other substances. The agricultural department of Ireland allowed this direct injection of the waste in the Carlingford sea (Varley, 2016). There is no sincerity about the control of pollution. All this thing made Ireland largest polluted country in the European Union. This kind of disposal policies ruined the life of the sea. The frequent increase in the number of pigs is increasing the pollution level in Ireland also. There should be strict rules to stop the pollution regarding the disposal methods of the pig slurry. 

Waste Management Plan:

In most of the countries, hydroelectric technology provides some electricity. Construction of dams is extremely important because they act as the water reservoirs for flood control and irrigation. Energy is highly required for treating the wastewater and distribute the raw water. Across the Carlingford Lough, river basin can be constructed within the water management plan to provide the Framework for enhancing and protecting the advantages offered by the entire water environment. For achieving this, there is a significant planning for the usage of both water resources as well as land use. One of the main objectives of a River Basin is to restrict the deterioration of water bodies and therefore it shall be helpful for Carlingford lough.

The very first step to prevent the deterioration shall be an understanding of the underlying status for every quality element in the water body. The entire plan precisely focuses on areas of water bodies and land having some specific uses like drinking water harvesting of shellfish and others, which may need some protection. The stakeholders responsible for carrying out different activities of the project include different government agencies, Forestry Commission, Marine management organisation, local government bodies, non-governmental organisations, water industry and other manufacturing and business sectors consuming water.

The agencies of the Irish government developed some plans and strategies. Which is the revision of the plan stated by the authorities in the past year, some legislations are changed during the establishment of this management plan. Which is published and completed by 2020 (Searle, 2015). The objectives of the plans are as follows;

  • To prevent pollution by various methodologies
  • To collect the maximum amount of waste
  • To minimize the discharge of the waste
  • To reduce the environmental impact of the debris.

The above objectives raised 27 recommendations which are given in the recommendation point.


The objective of the programme is to reduce the waste disposal rate.  The government should monitor very precisely and efficiently in the technique of collection of the waste. The tactics that may be applied in this context should be highly precise, and the government should monitor the processes very minutely. Suitable water sustainable formats must be taken into consideration to prevent the blockage of the waterways. The objectives made during the process of making a plan should be followed and completed entirely to save the sea lough Carlingford.


Managing plan regarding the defence of waste disposal should be very beneficial to the authorities. To succeed in the process authority should make a good management plan.


The legislation made by the authorities should be followed strictly by the Irish people. Strict laws should be developed, specific rules and regulations should be established to control the whole process (Kelly, 2019). To proper functioning, the entire work government also needs the support of the Irish peoples because the Irish people’s life should be in danger due to the increasing pollution rate of the sea lough.

In order to manage the waste resulting from the pigs’ slurry at the Carlingford lough, water protection has been one of the fundamental priorities of the European Commission. The rethinking of the community water policy usually came into contact in the mid-1995. The legislations like Drinking Water Directive adopted in November 1998, and Directive for the Integrated Pollution and Prevention Control of 1996 must be incorporated by the government of Ireland as well (European Commission, 2019). The water Framework directive that is considered to be the new protective measure is aimed at expanding the different scope of the water protection to every surface and the groundwater areas. It must be the combined approach of quality standards and emission limit values at an affordable price.


The government of the nation should use proper regulation to achieve success. And these regulations should be followed precisely. The authority can control the situation by applying the rules to the people of Ireland.

Legacy Issues:

The old methods of collecting the waste should be rejected by EPA and introduce new models for the collection of the pigs’ slurry. EPA’s officers should make sure that the developed plan is functioning effectively, which will save the issues regarding the waste slurry.


During the modern technology era, it is obvious to eliminate previous ways to achieve success. The situation of the Carlingford sea lough is so difficult. For this situation, EPA officers should apply this way.

North-South Collaboration:

The legislation regarding the waste disposal procedure collaboration between the two sides of Ireland is very needed. Because of that, cooperation between the two parties can achieve success in the waste slurry disposal problem (Kok et al., 2017). The collaboration of the two nations should resolve the fight against the disposal of this pigs’ slurry.


Both the sides of Ireland should be made unity to achieve success regarding the topic. It should be possible by various legislation that can be developed and implemented by the different government authorities.

Guidance and Awareness:

Proper guidance plays a key point for the people of the nation. To achieve success, appropriate guidelines and awareness campaigns should be provided by the authorities.


According to this context, proper guidance and awareness can make the Irish water bodies like the previous ones. Moreover, it should be applied by the authorities very sincerely. Lack of awareness may be present in between the people, but it should be solved out by using the managing plans by the government.

Alternative Recommendation:


Prevention projects are developed to stop pollution by the EPA. Studies in waste disposal should be made mandatory in Ireland observing the crucial situation of the Irish environment. The authorities of Ireland should provide various plans to reduce waste disposal. The government should take vital steps regarding waste disposal to save the life of Carlingford sea lough.


Various tactics should be used to collect waste to save the life of the sea. The authorities should implement collection methods of waste. Types of machinery should be allocated regarding this process. The producers of the waste should keep in mind that if the environment polluted human life also hampered.


The waste produced by the pigs should be used as the fertilizers as it consists of the high amount of phosphorus and ammonia. Due to the presence of ammonia, it is an excellent fertilizer.so the government should try to convert the waste into some useful substance. To reduce waste disposal and also to save the life of the sea, it is essential to convert the garbage into a useful material. In modern days, high technology should be used in this context. Nowadays various machines are available in the market by which it should be possible to convert the pig slurry into fertilizer.


As per Danie Visser’s Modern Pig Production book, ranchers generally separate the solids from the fluid and afterwards utilize the fluid as compost, by spreading it on specific harvests or fields. To avoid over-treatment and overflow, volumes applied are balanced by the healthful necessities of the harvest. Soil tests are likewise taken yearly to distinguish wholesome irregular characteristics and amend these before they escape hand.


The solids might be utilized as a wellspring of nitrogen in the fertilizer. Enabling the fertilizer to develop enough warmth will crush hurtful pathogens (Bonmatı, 2003). The manure stack ought to be kept soggy, however not wet, to quicken deterioration and be turned consistently or circulated air through to guarantee there is sufficient oxygen for the advancement of advantageous living beings. The time it takes for the manure to be prepared for use in a nursery will rely upon climatic conditions, the treating the soil fixings and how the fertilizer is overseen.

Provenzano et al. (2009) suggested that Manure that is prepared for use will have a natural smell. If it smells unpleasant, or rotten, there is some kind of problem with it. The solids can be used as a source of nitrogen composite, the composite will create enough heat to destroy the mist, but it won’t be wet to accelerate the rate of decomposition and to be turned regularly. Biogas can be an alternative source, where biodigester can be used to convert the slurry into biogas water, shower and electricity and it can be used to reduce cost or it can be sold back to the national energy grid. 


By the above objectives and managing plan, it may be concluded that the waste disposal should be prevented and the life of the Carlingford sea lough should save by precisely applying the methods. The sincerity of the Irish people and also the role of government is highly recommended regarding the plot faces by Carlingford sea lough.


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