Poetry论文模板 – The Intertextuality of Sorrow: Examining the Lament in Elizabethan Poetry


This essay investigates the recurring motif of sorrow and lamentation in Elizabethan poetry, exploring the intertextual connections that enrich the era’s lyrical expressions of grief. Considering the works of Spenser, Sidney, and Shakespeare, the paper analyzes how these poets employ sorrow not merely as a theme but as a complex interplay of cultural, philosophical, and aesthetic responses to human experience. The study illuminates how Elizabethan poetry transcends personal grief, engaging with classical traditions and Renaissance humanism to reflect on the human condition.


Elizabethan poetry is replete with themes of sorrow, often articulated through the traditional form of the lament. This essay seeks to understand how Elizabethan poets used sorrow as a lens through which to view the world, reflecting broader existential concerns. By examining the intertextual nature of sorrow, this study will consider how Elizabethan poets conversed with their literary heritage and how their laments transcend the personal to address universal human experiences.

Literature Review

The Tradition of the Lament

Tracing the lamentation motif from ancient Greek and Roman poetry, through Medieval literature, and into the Renaissance, and how it was adapted in Elizabethan times (Aeschylus; Chaucer).

Elizabethan Expressions of Sorrow

Reviewing critical works that discuss the theme of sorrow in the poetry of Edmund Spenser, Sir Philip Sidney, and William Shakespeare (Greenblatt, 1980; Vendler, 1997).

Intertextuality in Elizabethan Poetry

Analyzing scholarly discussions on intertextuality and how Elizabethan poets engaged with their literary predecessors and contemporaries (Riffaterre, 1980; Kristeva, 1986).

Theoretical Framework

Employing a literary analysis that incorporates understanding of intertextuality, Renaissance humanism, and the historical context of Elizabethan England.


A close reading of selected Elizabethan poems, with a focus on their use of lament, and a comparative analysis to identify intertextual elements.


The Language of Sorrow in Spenser’s Poetry

Examining Spenser’s use of pastoral and epic traditions to craft his laments, particularly in “The Faerie Queene” and “The Shepheardes Calender.”

Sidney’s Astrophil and Stella: A Lament of Unrequited Love

Analyzing Sidney’s sonnet sequence as a sustained lament, noting the Petrarchan influences and the blend of personal grief with philosophical inquiry.

Shakespeare’s Sonnets and the Politics of Lamentation

Exploring how Shakespeare’s sonnets utilize sorrow as a complex tool to navigate social, political, and personal terrains.


Discussing the multifaceted nature of the lament in Elizabethan poetry, considering how these poets use intertextuality to create a dialogue with their readers, their contemporaries, and their literary forebears.


The essay concludes that the lament in Elizabethan poetry is a sophisticated rhetorical device that serves to connect individual human emotions to a broader cultural and philosophical discourse. Through intertextual references, Elizabethan poets engage in a larger conversation about the nature of sorrow, reflecting the era’s intellectual vibrancy and its enduring literary legacy.


(Note: In an actual academic essay, this section would contain formal citations and references to peer-reviewed academic articles, books, and other scholarly sources that have been referenced throughout the essay.)

This academic essay for a Poetry postgraduate at a top UK university offers a nuanced examination of the theme of sorrow in Elizabethan poetry, showcasing the intertextual depth that characterizes the period’s literature. The essay combines close textual analysis with broader literary and cultural contexts, revealing the lament motif as a rich site of intertextual dialogue and humanistic reflection.

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