Shakespeare Studies论文模板 – The Role of Feminine Agency in Shakespeare’s Comedies: A Study of ‘As You Like It’ and ‘Twelfth Night’


This essay addresses the depiction of feminine agency in the comedies of William Shakespeare, with a focus on “As You Like It” and “Twelfth Night”. It explores how Shakespeare crafts female characters that display significant agency and examines the ways in which this agency contributes to the comedic elements of the plays. Through a close reading of key scenes and dialogues, the essay argues that Shakespeare’s portrayal of female characters as complex individuals who actively influence their destinies is a testament to his progressive approach to character development and gender dynamics.


The representation of women in Shakespeare’s plays has been a focal point of literary criticism for decades. While Shakespearean heroines have often been celebrated for their strength and wit, the scope and impact of their agency within the narrative structures of the comedies merit further examination. This essay aims to dissect the layers of feminine agency in “As You Like It” and “Twelfth Night” and to analyze its implications for the genre and for early modern gender politics.

Literature Review

Shakespearean Heroines

Reviewing critical interpretations of female characters in Shakespeare’s works, focusing on the balance between conformity to and subversion of contemporary gender norms (French, 1981).

Agency and Structure in Elizabethan Drama

Discussing theoretical frameworks for understanding agency within the rigid social structures depicted in Elizabethan drama (Dollimore and Sinfield, 1985).

Comedy and Gender Subversion

Examining how comedic elements in Shakespeare’s plays often hinge on the subversion of gender roles and expectations (Greenblatt, 1988).

Theoretical Framework

The analysis is grounded in feminist literary criticism and performance theory, which provide the tools to interrogate the construction of gender and the dynamics of agency within the plays.


A comparative analytical approach is used to dissect and contrast the presentation of feminine agency in both “As You Like It” and “Twelfth Night”. This involves a close reading of the texts with particular attention to character interactions, decision-making, and dialogue that reveal agency.


Rosalind and Viola as Agents of Change

Assessing how Rosalind and Viola utilize disguise and wit to navigate social constraints and pursue their desires.

Comic Disruption and Female Empowerment

Exploring the ways in which the assertion of female agency disrupts societal norms and contributes to the comedic narrative of both plays.

The Resolution of Comedies and the Restoration of Order

Considering how the resolution of the plays re-establishes the social order and what this means for the portrayal of female agency within a comedic structure.


Historical Context and Modern Interpretations

Balancing the historical context of gender roles in Elizabethan England with contemporary understandings of gender and agency.

Textual Ambiguities

Addressing the ambiguities in the text that leave room for various interpretations of character motivations and actions.

Performance Variability

Discussing how different theatrical interpretations and performances can alter the perception of feminine agency in the plays.


The essay concludes that Shakespeare’s portrayal of feminine agency in “As You Like It” and “Twelfth Night” is a nuanced reflection of the complexities of gender dynamics. While the plays ultimately conform to the comedic tradition of restoring social order, they provide a space for the heroines to exercise agency in ways that were progressive for their time. The legacy of these characters continues to resonate, offering rich material for analysis and performance.


(Note: In an actual academic essay, this section would contain formal citations and references to peer-reviewed academic articles, books, conference proceedings, and other scholarly sources that have been referenced throughout the essay.)

This example essay is intended for a master’s level Shakespeare Studies program and is suitable for students interested in the intersection of literary analysis, gender studies, and Elizabethan drama. It provides an in-depth examination of the agency of female characters in Shakespearean comedy, highlighting the playwright’s intricate and forward-thinking approach to character development and social commentary.

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