Agriculture论文模板 – What Is the Acceptance of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) in China?

  1. Introduction

What is a genetically modified organism (GMO)? GMOs are organisms that have had their genetic material altered by the use of genetic engineering technology. In most countries, GMOs are used to produce genetically modified foods as well as for the purposes of scientific research.

  1. Research topic: What is the acceptance of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in China?

As one of the world’s leading countries in terms of population, food security in China can become a challenge. As a result, the government of China actively imports and encourages the consumption of GMOs in order to ensure the country’s food security (Tao & Shudong, 2003). It is, therefore, necessary to understand China’s view of GMOs since most populations across the globe prefer traditionally produced food products as opposed to GMOs citing health safety concerns.

  • Background information: China’s huge population is one of the reasons why the country’s government backs the use of genetically modified organisms for food products. However, according to Patton (2014), the government has had to roll out a campaign in support of GMOs owing to “a wave of negative publicity over a technology” (par.1).
  • Thesis Statement: the purpose of this paper is to establish China’s acceptance of GMOs from both the government and public perspective. Over the years, China has adopted measures that indicate the country’s growing acceptance to GMOs and GMO products. Some of these measures include increased local production of GMOs, government funded research and pro-GMO campaigns, as well as a widespread public acceptance of GMOs as evidenced by newspaper articles. Owing to the efforts put in place by the government through regulatory policies and pro-GMOs campaigns; China’s acceptance of GMOs has vastly grown in recent past.  
  • Body paragraph 1: China shows an acceptance of GMOs by enacting legislative laws and putting institution in place that oversee the testing, production, and marketing of GMOs in the country (Zhang, 2014 p.42). The Chinese government allows GMO products in the country through regulations administered by the ministry of Ministry of Agriculture and other relevant authorities. For example, in 2001, the state council enacted the agricultural GMO regulations to regulate crops, animals, microorganisms, and products derived from GMOs. As a result, this shows China’s willingness to both import and produce GMOs for the use by its population.
  • Body paragraph 2: moreover, available data by 2013 shows that China’s acceptance of GMOs is growing with the country approving domestic production of seven (7) GMO products between 1997 and 2009 (Zhang, 2014). This is a growing trend in China where it is evident that the public and the government are both accepting the use of GMO products not just for food (tomato, rice, corn, and papaya), but also for other consumer crops (cotton).
  • Body paragraph 3: additionally, China’s increased investment in plant biotechnology is an indicator of the country’s acceptance of GMOs. According to Tao & Shudong (2003 p.3), China accounts for more than half of the developing world’s investment on plant biotechnology. Additionally, it is worth noting that China’s biotechnology research is not privately funded as is the case in most countries, but government sponsored. This, therefore, is an indicator of the government’s commitment to GMOs.
  • Body paragraph 4: furthermore, the acceptance of GMOs is not just at governmental level, but also at the civilian level. This is shown by a research article where Du & Rachul (2012) found out that the general public in China is not opposed to GMOs based on the review of 77 newspaper articles. This is important because it indicates that government efforts to sensitize the public regarding GMOs and their advantages are bearing fruits.
  • Body paragraph 5: on the other hand, it is essential to note that there have been oppositions to the use of GMOs. As noted by Tao & Shudong (2003), the uncertainty over environmental and health safety in relation to production of GMOs has attracted criticism of such products, not only in China but all over the world (Hu et al., 2003). It is, as a result, necessary for the government to finance research into environmental impact of GMOs in order to boost confidence in the consumption of GMO products.
  • Conclusion

In summation, it is evident that China’s acceptance of Genetically Modified Organisms has grown since the early 80s with the country now having more than 130 projects that focus on GMOs. This assertion is based on the fact that China has enacted legislations and put institutions in place to oversee the regulation of GMOs. Also, the government has invested heavily on biotechnology with positive response from the public as shown by newspaper articles regarding public opinion of, GMOs.

In conclusion, this research has shown that while there have been a growth in China’s acceptance of GMOs, the uncertainty over the health and an environmental impact of GMOs limits public trust. With this in mind, the government ought to put the same effort put towards production of GMOs into research on the effects of GMOs. With clear communication from the government, public trust can be earned and the acceptance of GMOs can be more widespread than it currently is.

References

 Tao Z., & Shudong, Z (2003). The Economic and Social Impact of GMOs in China. China Perspectives,1-10.

Zhang, L. (2014). Restrictions on Genetically Modified Organisms. The Law Library of Congress. 41-51

Du, L & Rachul, C. (2012). Chinese newspaper coverage of genetically modified organisms. BMC Public Health, 1-5.

Hu, W., Zhong, F., & Ding Y. (2003). Actual media reports on GM foods and Chinese consumers’ willingness to pay for GM Soybean Oil. Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 31(2): 376-39. Patton, D. (2014). China launches media campaign to back genetically modified crops. Reuters. Retrieved from: http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/09/30/us-china-gmo-idUSKCN0HP13X20140930

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